What is demand response?
Demand response is an action intended to temporarily reduce, in response to a one-time request sent to one or more consumers by a demand response operator or electricity supplier, the electricity effectively withdrawn from the public transmission or distribution network at one or more consumption sites, relative to a consumption plan or consumption estimate (article L 271-1 of the Energy Code).
Market players can use demand response to optimise their own portfolios or to sell energy directly to other users or to RTE. There are two main categories of demand response that contribute to the supply-demand balance:
- • Industrial demand response, when consumption is reduced at one or more industrial sites (either by shutting down processes or by switching over to self-consumption). This type of demand response can be proposed either directly by the industrial user or through an aggregator or supplier.
- • Distributed demand response, or the aggregation through an aggregator or supplier of individual demand response actions involving smaller volumes, all carried out at the same time by residential or professional customers.